Strategic Prevention Framework

CCA has an established infrastructure using the Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) process. This 5-step process, developed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), provides CCA with the framework for their method of work. SPF is an on-going process of community assessment (needs and resources), capacity building, planning, implementation and evaluation, all based on data, while considering cultural differences and sustainability. Florida began implementing the SPF process in 2004, under the Substance Abuse Response Guide (SARG) grant.

The CCA has a list of trainers for SPF. For more information, contact Kathleen Roberts at or 386-264-5281.


SPF Components

Assessment- The assessment phase helps define the problem or the issue that a project needs to tackle. This phase involves the collection of data to: Understand a population's needs, Review the resources that are required and available, and Identify the readiness of the community to address prevention needs and service gaps.

Capacity- Capacity building involves mobilizing human, organizational, and financial resources to meet project goals. Training and education to promote readiness are also critical aspects of building capacity. SAMHSA provides extensive training and technical assistance (TA) to fill readiness gaps and facilitate the adoption of science-based prevention policies, programs, and practices.

Planning- Planning involves the creation of a comprehensive plan with goals, objectives, and strategies aimed at meeting the substance abuse prevention needs of the community. During this phase, organizations select logic models and evidence-based policies and programs. They also determine costs and resources needed for effective implementation.

Implementation- The implementation phase of the SPF process is focused on carrying out the various components of the prevention plan, as well as identifying and overcoming any potential barriers. During program implementation, organizations detail the evidence-based policies and practices that need to be undertaken, develop specific timelines, and decide on ongoing program evaluation needs.

Evaluation- Evaluation helps organizations recognize what they have done well and what areas need improvement. The process of evaluation involves measuring the impact of programs and practices to understand their effectiveness and any need for change. Evaluation efforts therefore greatly influence the future planning of a program. It can also impact sustainability because evaluation can show sponsors that resources are being used wisely.